27 January is an International Holocaust Remembrance Day, an international memorial day commemorating the victims of the Holocaust.
It commemorates the genocide that resulted in the death of an estimated 6 million Jewish people, 2 million Romani people, 250,000 mentally and physically disabled people, and 9,000 homosexuals.
The day was designated by the United Nations General Assembly resolution on 1 November 2005. The resolution establishes 27 January as International Holocaust Remembrance Day and urges every member nation of the UN to honour the memory of Holocaust victims, and encourages the development of educational programs about Holocaust history to help prevent future acts of genocide. It rejects any denial of the Holocaust as an event and condemns all manifestations of religious intolerance, incitement, harassment or violence against persons or communities based on ethnic origin or religious belief.
Raoul Wallenberg was a Swedish diplomat and humanitarian. He is widely celebrated for saving tens of thousands of Jews in Nazi-occupied Hungary during the later stages of World War II. While serving as Sweden’s special envoy in Budapest between July and December 1944, Wallenberg issued protective passports and sheltered Jews in buildings designated as Swedish territory.